Lesson 6: Federal Courts


Grade Level



1 period

Lesson Plan (PDF)


This unit begins our examination of Canada’s legal system with a review of key components and responsibilities of Canada’s federal courts. The lesson will examine the function and responsibilities assigned to the various federal courts, with specific emphasis on the Supreme Court of Canada.


By the end of this lesson, students will:

  • Distinguish between the role and function of Canada’s Federal Trial Court, Federal Court of Appeal and Supreme Court of Canada
  • Understand the different types of disputes heard in federal courts
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the citizenship process and requirements for citizenship in Canada

Focus Questions

  1. What are some of the types of Federal Courts?
  2. What types of cases are heard by the Federal Court, Federal Court of Appeal, Supreme Court of Canada, and Citizenship Court?
  3. What is involved in the process of applying for citizenship?

Teaching Summary

Topics 1 & 2: Supreme Court of Canada & Federal Trial/Appeal Court

For this activity, students will read Handout 1: Canada’s Federal Courts and use the information from this handout, as well as online information to answer the 10 questions on Handout 2: Supreme Court Review and Handout 3: Supreme Court Chart. They will learn about the function and purpose of these courts and about what type of cases the courts will hear.

Topic 3: Citizenship Court

Students will read the information on Handout 4: Citizenship Court and then complete Handout 5: Would You Pass the Test? This will give them an overview of Canada’s Citizenship Court as well as the process of applying for citizenship.